Plutocracy &The History Of American Foreign Policy
PLUTOCRACY \plu-'tok-rih-see\ n. [Gk ploutokratia, fr. ploutos, wealth] 1:
government by the wealthy 2 : a controlling class of rich men and women
Plutonian \plu-'toe-nee-un\ adj, often cap 1: of, relating to, or characteristic
of Pluto or the lower world : INFERNAL
This is the simple
truth of the U.S. government,
past and present:
American domestic and foreign policy is
now, and has always been, dictated fundamentally by economics
- not by moral and political values.
All the talk
of "democracy" and "human rights" is just
so much spin for popular consumption. It has never been "We the People," but
a ruling plutocracy of ultra-wealthy landowners and corporations that
have been the ultimate power behind the U.S. government from the beginning.
If you're intellectually honest, if you've got a social and political
conscience - especially if you have the guts to ACT on it - you discover
that we in America are not living in a "democracy."
country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit
it. Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing government,
they can exercise their constitutional right of amending it,
or their revolutionary right to dismember it or overthrow it." -
First Inaugural Address
March 4, 1861
America And Its History Of
State Sponsored Terrorism
The most horrific acts of terrorism
in world history have always been committed by governments. The
government and military of
the United States of America have committed massive
acts of international terrorism and brutal genocide - throughout
FBI definition of terrorism:
is the unlawful use of force or violence against persons
or property to intimidate or coerce a government,
the civilian population, or any segment thereof,
in furtherance of political
or social objectives."
By its own definition the hypocrite U.S. government
is guilty of terrorism - on a massive, international
scale. And for over
100 years! The U.S.
government has broken international law and the Geneva Convention many
times with its brutal use of force and horrific violence
against persons and property,
to intimidate and coerce governments, civilian populations, and many
segments thereof, in furtherance of political, social and especially economic
Waking up to all of this can be quite a shock - if you've got a
conscience. Liberating ourselves from a lifetime of brainwashing isn't
easy. But the grim modern realities of American terrorism are less
surprising when you realize that this ruthless mass-murder of helpless
civilian people internationally is
actually quite consistent with America's domestic history...
"The destruction of the Indians of the Americas was, far and away, the
massive act of genocide in the history of the world." -
David E. Stannard historian
of that fact, the typical, mentally-sleeping American remains
only vaguely aware of the horrific holocaust
of American Indians.
Yet every single locality where Americans make their homes
today is consecrated
to the cause of cruel, racist inhumanity - with the blood
of Indian people. Every single locality where Americans make
is the scene of the murder, rape, torture and impoverishment
of the Indian people who lived there first. But mainstream
choke on their apple pie if they dared to think about that.
Too many Americans would rather stick their heads in the
history - just as they stick their heads in the sand about
what is happening today. In the centuries after Christopher
Butcher, more than 100 million native people fell under the
sadistic, racist rule of the invading European-Americans.
is wealth, and Americans lusted for it. They couldn't let a minor
fact like the existence of millions of human beings already living
on that land get in their way. So the policy of genocide, thievery,
routine lying and racist cruelty was justified with whitewashes
Destiny" - America's domestic version of "Deutschland
Where the native peoples were all murdered or pushed out,
the European and American businessmen of that day replaced
with enslaved people purchased
in Africa. $$ The
international slave trade was one of the earliest examples of international
corporate evil. Fortunately, it has become impossible in recent
years to hide the historical facts of this cruel, greedy American
institution of slavery.
The thoroughly evil abuse of African peoples took place for over 200
with another 100 years of virtual slavery - complete with the KKK terror
tactics of lynching, torture, bombing, cross burning and general, public
abuse and intimidation.
existence of White
slavery in America is one of the
most little-known facts of American history. Colonial America was initially
with the blood, sweat and tears of White slaves to a far greater extent
than Black slaves. In fact, America's first slaves were White people.
that fully one-half to two-thirds of all White "immigrants" to Colonial
America in the 17th and 18th centuries were actually slaves who had been brought
against their will. They were known by the euphemism of "indentured servants," but
in reality a great many of these people were true slaves. Their servitude was
for life, and their children were forced to be slaves as well. Most of them
were brought from Ireland, Scotland and the impoverished working classes of
England. They were both Protestant and Catholic, victims of religious wars
and the inhuman greed of the English ruling classes. Very often the victims
were falsely labeled as "criminals" to ease the guilty consciences
of the wealthy ruling classes. When White slaves arrived in the American colonies
they were auctioned on the block just like Black slaves. White slave children
were often sold and separated from their parents and White slave women were
sold and separated from their husbands. A great many White slaves were forced
to work under cruel and demeaning conditions. The Virginia Colony prescribed "bodily
punishment for not heeding the commands of the master." Half of the White
slaves died within the first two years after their arrival in "the New
World." Unsurprisingly, it was common for White slaves to run
away - only to be hunted down and returned to their evil masters and
identify runaways the courts in Virginia demanded that everyone have
identification and travel papers. White slaves had no rights whatsoever
and could be beaten
and cruelly abused with impunity.
at the World Trade Center
Our own evil government bears the ultimate
responsibility for this disaster. If the homicidal psychopaths
of the United States military/government didn't
have the nasty habit of mass-murdering civilian men, women and
children around the world, there wouldn't be anybody who wanted
revenge. But whoever
the real terrorists are behind the carnage, you can
be absolutely sure of one thing: they're the best friends the
ever had. This act of brutal terrorism against the American
a propaganda gold mine for the brutal terrorists of the U.S.
military/government and their corporate mass-media. Now we
see the bloodthirsty hypocrites
adopting public postures of patriotic "defense" while chanting "Pearl
Harbor!" like a mantra. Gone are the days when the propagandists had
to cobble together absurd conceptual Frankensteins like "humanitarian
bombing" to sell the Pentagon's latest butchery to the
American taxpayer. Though the poor people in Manhattan paid
price for America's
genocidal foreign policy, this terrorist attack was nothing
more than a pinprick on the body of The Beast itself. The top-level
the Pentagon and the U.S. government are not honestly upset.
Far from it - they've just been handed all the political ammunition
hope for! They now have a blank check to mass-murder yet more
men, women and children in campaigns of state terrorism abroad.
With smiles well hidden, they can now ratchet up their police-state
Behind closed doors, out of view of the T.V. cameras, the strategists
of American Empire must be positively gleeful. Uncle Sham doesn't
honestly care the slightest bit about the suffering of people
in the World Trade
Center, nor of people anywhere in America. American citizens
are just cash
cows to be herded this way and that, and perennially lied to.
Keep 'em stupid and keep those tax dollars coming in. And people
Slaves and whores to be exploited to the max. If they dare
to be free of the American Empire, bomb them back into submission.
Our evil rulers
care only for preserving their own wealth and power, nothing
more. The inhuman rulers of America have cruelly abused the
genocidal campaigns of state terrorism for over 100 years.
Now they are surely
with the prospect of increasing their power through new campaigns
of terror and mass-murder. Let the American people pay the
price for our
evil, they don't care. The downward spiral of carnage and suffering
will never end until we're all enslaved or dead. If we want
to live in peace
and freedom, people must turn off their mind-controlling T.V.
sets, wake up from their mass-media brainwashing and get a
greatest enemy of the American people is our own terrorist
Millions of Victims: The Bloody "American Century"
Altogether, the terrorist U.S. government and military have directly slaughtered
literally millions of civilian people in the Philippines, Vietnam,
Laos, Cambodia, Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Russia
(the civil war, 1918-1920), Japan, France, Germany, Korea, Thailand, Indonesia,
Panama, Grenada, Libya, Lebanon, Iraq, Sudan, Afghanistan,
Somalia, Bosnia and Yugoslavia.
In addition, the terrorist U.S. military and CIA have trained, armed,
funded, provided intelligence and direct military support for fascist
and right-wing death-squads around the world. America's servant-states
have carried out appallingly vicious campaigns of state terrorism.
the direct support of the U.S. government they have committed the torture
and genocide of additional millions of helpless, civilian people in
Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras, Haiti, Mexico, Cuba, Colombia,
Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Brazil, China,
the Philippines, East Timor, Indonesia, the Congo, Angola, Zaire, Mozambique, Palestine, Israel,
Turkey, Greece, Cyprus, Iraq, Pakistan and Iran.
page gives you summaries of America's greatest campaigns
of genocide and international terrorism, with links to pages giving
Numerically more complete listings of American terror
campaigns are on the Chronology
of Terror pages. The Site
Map lists pages detailing the weapons and general history of
American state terrorism. Reviews of important books on American
state terrorism and closely related subjects are listed by author, title
It was just nine years after the
United States Army Seventh Cavalry slaughtered 300 helpless Lakota
children, women and men at Wounded Knee, South Dakota,
in 1890: In a major yet little-known campaign of the Spanish-American
war, all branches of the U.S. military committed the mass-murder
of 200,000 civilian men, women and children in the Philippines.
This genocide was accomplished by a viciously racist United States
Navy and Marines, from 1899 to 1902. $$ Why?
Corporate profit. The Philippine islands were a profitable
part of the old Spanish Empire. They also provided a valuable
the exploitation of China - which was far more profitable.
When the Filipinos resisted us - with the curious idea that
to control their
own country - American soldiers, sailors and Marines slaughtered
and tortured them. Heroic American soldiers even murdered ten-year-old
Thus was the American Empire born, consecrated with the blood
children, men and women. This was the point in American history
when the emphasis shifted from the domestic abuse and exploitation
Africans to the even more profitable pursuits of imperialism
and international terrorism. Mark
Twain condemned the genocide
in scathingly cynical terms. So did others among that small
Americans possessed of a human conscience. President William
McKinley, however, was of the Official Opinion that the cruel
bloodshed was "God's
Will." Teddy Roosevelt revelled in bloodshed and thought it was all
just "Bully!" Both of them echoed the mass-media of their day:
the openly racist, nationalistic, "jingoistic" "yellow journalism" of
the corporate press. Just as they do today, most Americans preferred to
ignore the gory, heartbreaking details. They joined their leaders and the
press in hearty applause of the genocide. "Public opinion" was
led by the nose then - as it is today.
In August 1945 the United States Army-Air Force committed
the truly unnecessary
atomic-bomb genocide of hundreds of thousands of Japanese CIVILIAN
men, women and children in
Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These were America's supreme two acts of
international terrorism. Revenge was a secondary reason
for committing these war
crimes - revenge on helpless Japanese civilian people for
the crimes of the
Japanese military. $$ Long
term anti-Soviet military-economic strategy was the primary reason the
U.S. military/government abused their newfound nuclear power just as soon
got their hands on it. By slaughtering the helpless people of Hiroshima
the U.S. military took effective control of the islands on August 6, two
the Russians had agreed to enter the war against Japan, on August 8. The
Red Army was a formidable war-machine in WWII. It was the Soviets, not
who fought the greatest land battles in history against the Nazis. Even
before the war ended, therefore, the U.S. government was plotting ways
Soviet power and influence in the post-war world. The use of this genocidal
weapon was the greatest "psy-op" of all time, an act of psychological
warfare without equal for sheer depth of criminal ruthlessness.
By dropping The Bomb the U.S. Corporate Mafia Government was introducing
the world's governments
to their new Master - with "an offer they couldn't refuse." Such
a persuasive introduction did wonders for American corporate profits in the
post-war era. It won us lots of "fair weather friends" and a world
of closet enemies. The era of "The Ugly American" was announced
on August 6, 1945. It continues to this day:
hidden hand of the market will never work without a hidden fist
- McDonald's cannot flourish without McDonnell-Douglas, the designer
of the F-15." - Thomas Friedman
Ugly American columnist for the New York Times
The blowhards of American Empire have no shame. Bullies never do.
Greatest American Genocides:
Vietnam, Korea, Cambodia and Laos
From 1950 to 1953, and from 1965 to 1974 the United States of America committed
the brutal genocide of literally MILLIONS of civilian men, women and children
in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos
Unarmed women and old men were bayoneted, helpless children and even babies were
blown away with M-16s and grenades, countless women and young girls were
raped and murdered by U.S. Army soldiers. These horrible things happened
in many massacres
like the ones at My
Lai and Thanh Phong in Vietnam and No
Gun Ri in Korea - while U.S. Air Force bomber crews spent years in
wholesale slaughter of civilian people from the air. For sheer magnitude
of evil sadism and bloodlust, the Vietnam Genocide ranks as America's
vicious campaign of large-scale international terrorism ever. The U.S.
Corporate Mafia Government and military want very much for you to believe
that My Lai,
Thanh Phong and No Gun Ri were "isolated incidents." But
the testimony of the Vietnamese and Korean people who survived, and
of American soldiers, are that these were far from isolated incidents.
thousands of such horrible massacres. During the Vietnam Genocide there
was even an official CIA program of systematic terror, torture and
mass-murder called Operation
Phoenix. Any politically honest psychologist in the world would diagnose
the American troops who committed these crimes as racist, homicidal
psychopaths. But to the U.S. Corporate Mafia Government and military
they're just "our boys" and "our
buddies." The U.S. government, the U.S. military - and many of the American
people - protect and excuse these war criminals to this day. They live among
us. Sadistic American war criminals like Lt. William Calley and Capt. Ernest
Medina walk the streets of America as free men. But of course they are free
in body only. They have hell to pay. Why did it all happen? $$ Maoist
China and the Stalinist Soviet Union represented a limitation on greedy corporate
capitalists' huge international profits. They were gargantuan markets that
couldn't be controlled. But the most serious threat by far was the international
ideology itself. Nothing undermines capitalism's sacred creed of selfish,
venal competition more radically than the "Godless" ideology of
social sharing and caring. Meanwhile the Chinese and Korean peoples themselves
American use of Japanese collaborators in the post-war Korean puppet government.
That government brutally terrorized its own people, with America's blessing.
The majority of Korean people wanted the fascist Americans out of their country.
The Chinese people had also suffered horribly at the hands of the Japanese
and had likewise been betrayed by the U.S. government after the war. It was
natural for them to sympathize with their Korean neighbors against the foreign
oppressor. Exactly the same pattern was followed in Vietnam. After the war
the American and French governments covertly allied themselves with Japanese
against the Viet Minh, even though Ho Chi Minh had worked closely with Americans
during the war. When he discovered the true diabolical nature of Uncle Sham,
he was forced to ally himself with the only nation that would help his people
- the Stalinist Soviet Union. Corporate America knows very well that even
the very idea of popular, international, democratic socialism (which
the Maoists and Stalinists pretended to champion), absolutely must be suppressed.
to erase it from the consciousness of the world's people. They'll never succeed,
of course. But the humanitarian socialist ideology is a direct threat to
the profits of inhuman corporate capitalism. To survive, capitalism must
and silence international socialism by any and all means. The massive American
propaganda machine has relentlessly slandered humanitarian socialism by equating
it with the genocidal dictatorships of Mao Zedong and Joseph Stalin. The
U.S. Corporate Mafia Government lie-machine trains ignorant Americans to
all under the label of undifferentiated "communism." Corporate
America is determined to crush the hope and dream of popular, worldwide,
- at any cost. Any human cost, that is. For corporate capitalist America
the well-being of millions of Asian people was (and is) not a high priority.
refused to be controlled and exploited by America - then kill 'em all! "Better
Dead than Red!" was the battle cry of Americans in their genocidal
wars against the Vietnamese, Cambodian, Laotian and Korean peoples.
The Crucifixion of
America, South America and the Caribbean
U.S. Corporate Mafia Government's genocidal policies were executed
throughout the 20th century, and are now continuing into the
21st century. The U.S. military, the cocaine-smuggling
and its fascist puppet-governments
have relentlessly terrorized, tortured and murdered hundreds
of civilian men, women
those persecuted lands. $$
Corporate profit, as always. Huge markets for American
products, cheap labor to exploit and a whole hemisphere
of natural resources
under the exclusive domination of the United States. Bananas
for the "United Fruit Company." Coffee. Sugar
cane. Cocaine. Hard to believe? Can't be that simple? Not
tell you on T.V.? The first thing to know is that the United
States government is a Plutocracy - the rule of the
The U.S. is not now, nor has it ever been, a
It sells itself to the world as a "democracy",
of course, but in actual practice the plutocratic United
government is a corporate mafia.
And a mafia will
stop at absolutely nothing to protect its profits. Why
do you think
the U.S. government has always strongly supported bloodthirsty,
fascist dictatorships throughout Latin America? Fascist
dictatorships are "corporate friendly." Freedom-loving
democracies, on the other hand, are very hard to control.
In a democracy
people can demand outrageous things - like living wages.
The economic interests of the Central American, South American
and Caribbean peoples are naturally opposed to the economic
interests of American corporations. For over 100 years the
United States Corporate Mafia Government has done everything
in its power to destroy democracy in Latin America.
Genocide of the Iraqi People
to the present day the United States Air Force and Navy have slaughtered
over 200,000 civilian people in Iraq with Depleted
Uranium missiles, cluster
missiles and other so-called "smart bombs." During
the "Desert Storm" terror campaign the arsenal also
bombs and napalm. U.S.
Air Force, Navy and Army pilots even slaughtered Iraqi soldiers
who were in full retreat. American pilots joked that it was like "shooting
in a sheep pen". Of course, slaughtering defenseless people
with overwhelming force is a hallowed American military tradition. $$ Why
the carnage? Persian Gulf oil, of course. It had absolutely nothing
to do with "Kuwaiti independence." Nor has it ever
really been about "weapons of mass destruction" - the
American biological and chemical weapons supplied by the U.S.
government to the Iraqis for use against the Iranians. Total
control of Middle East oil is always a top priority for the U.S.
Corporate Mafia Government. They'll stop at absolutely nothing
to keep that essential oil flowing into the vast murder-machine
of the U.S. military-industrial complex. With the "Desert
Storm" terror campaign, America entered a new high-tech
phase of its perennial international terrorism.
American State Terrorism of the Yugoslavian Peoples
1999 there was the ugly spectacle of America, with its 18 NATO
over 3000 civilian people all over Yugoslavia for 78 straight
days and nights - flying over 40,000 sorties and once again using cluster
uranium missiles, fuel-air
bombs, napalm, cruise missiles and
other so-called "smart bombs." These horrible
weapons of mass-destruction used by cowardly American/NATO pilots
and burned alive thousands of innocent people - children, old
and women in market squares doing their shopping, people in
trains, people in cars and buses, people in television stations,
in schools, doctors and patients in hospitals, people in private
homes and apartment blocks - even remote villages were napalmed
and cluster bombed. Adding insult to injury, the U.S. government/military,
and their corporate mass-media puppets, had the unmitigated
gall to call this carnage "humanitarian intervention".
But moral considerations were the last thing on the minds of
Allied Farce war criminals at the White House, the State Dept.
Pentagon. $$ So
why would the criminal U.S. government and military bother
to spend billions of your tax dollars committing mass-murder
such a small,
economically struggling country as Yugoslavia? It was part
of a long-term, globalist military-economic strategy involving:
of the huge reserves of oil in the Caspian basin, the related
oil pipelines through the Balkans, and the final stages of
of Russia (Yugoslavia's closest ally).
Control of the $5 billion worth of lead, zinc, cadmium, silver and gold ore
in the Trepca mines of Kosovo. There are also 17 billion tons of coal reserves
in Kosovo. Stealing all that from the people of Yugoslavia was part of a long-term
strategy for destroying their economy to the maximum extent possible, thus
forcing them into complete political-economic obedience to Imperialist America.
But the most important reason for the 1999 U.S./NATO terror campaign was that
it was an essential part of the American Empire's long-term strategy for maintaining
total military and economic domination of Europe. The governments of Western
Europe had been venal whores in America's harem since 1945. Russia was on its
knees economically, and most Eastern European governments were clamoring to
join the U.S./NATO harem. Only the Yugoslavian government led by Milosevic
refused to be abject whores.
This came as no surprise to anyone who knew Serbian history. They have a long
and heroic tradition of rebellion against evil empires.
Little Serbian-led Yugoslavia was the last, brave holdout.
Strategy of Imperial America
The brutal punishment of the Yugoslavian people for their attempted
independence from American Imperialism was an essential part
of America's overall geopolitical
strategy. The U.S. made an example of them as a warning to the other
nations of Europe and the world. Since the collapse of the Soviet
Western European harem has been seeking, demurely of course, to become
economically and militarily independent from their American Master.
But only a sufficiently large alliance of European states will
from America possible. That is why, from 1945 onwards, the United
States government has been engaged in a permanent campaign of covert
of all tendencies toward European unity. The whoring government of
Britain is a close ally in this endeavor for three basic reasons.
cultural and linguistic ties with America make an alliance very
the island nation has always seen itself as separate from the rest
of Europe anyway. Thirdly, the British government seeks to profit,
politically, from it's close relationship with American state terrorists.
The political "profit" is the illusion of national prestige.
Because Britain gave birth to the American Beast, this pompous and increasingly
techno-fascist island government cherishes feelings of parental superiority.
But it also suffers from an addiction to basking in America's reflected "glory".
By craven loyalty to their child-turned-Master, the British government
and military can still savor a small taste blood and lost Empire.
The other Western European concubines are not quite so depraved in
Master. Uncle Sham knows this very well, of course, and he keeps
a close and distrustful eye on all of them. With no common enemy
Union to use as a propaganda scapegoat, the U.S. government is very
concerned that increasing numbers of Western European people are
beginning to get
a clue that Imperial America, with its corporate McCulture, is their
worst enemy. In fact, plutocratic
America seamlessly followed the Nazis as Europe's greatest, most insidious
enemy after the end of WWII. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991,
the U.S. government and its closet-Nazi allies in the German government
and military openly encouraged the breakup of independent-minded Yugoslavia
- while covertly arming, training and funding the ethnic warfare that resulted.
and Germany supported every ethnic group against the Serbians for two reasons:
aforementioned fact that the Serbians, true to their historical
tendency, sought freedom from Imperial American domination.
The Serbians fought the Ottoman Turkish empire, the Austro-Hungarian
empire and the Nazi German Third Reich. The Yugoslav government
under Tito maintained a high degree of political independence
from the Soviet Union.
The Serbian people have close ethnic, linguistic and historical ties with the
Russian people. So the fact that the United States and Germany formed
an alliance to mass-murder Serbians has reopened deep wounds among the Russian
people. The memory of Nazi German atrocities is very much alive within Russia. 20
million Russian, Ukranian and Byelorussian people died horribly at the
hands of the Germans in WWII. The U.S. government knew exactly what it was
doing by using Germany as an ally against Serbia. It did so for the express
purpose of reopening these old wounds among the Russian people. There is one
thing which the geopolitical strategists of American Empire have feared above
all else for over 100 years: a strong and enduring German-Russian
alliance. Such an alliance would not only
dominate Europe, it would be powerful enough to check American Imperial
ambitions around the globe, just as the Soviet Union did. After Otto
von Bismarck united
Germany, the possibility of an alliance between the Kaiser and the Czar
was a major threat to the British Empire. It became a serious potential
to the American Empire too, after it was founded in the blood
of Philippine women and children in 1899. Then the feudal Czarist regime was
overthrown by the Bolsheviks in 1917. There was strong socialist movement in
Germany also, and therefore a very real possibility that the German working
class would liberate itself and form an alliance with the Russians. The U.S.
military intervened in Russia's civil war from 1918 to 1920, supporting the
forces of feudalism. Meanwhile, the
political-economic support of American corporations for the Nazi Party helped
to destroy the German socialist movement. That would seem to have guaranteed
that capitalist Germany and Stalinist Russia would form no alliance for the
foreseeable future. Adolf Hitler had many friendly connections with the American
corporate plutocracy. His rise to power was politically and financially supported
by corporations like the Ford
Motor Company, the Union
Banking Corp. of Prescott Bush (grandfather
of "President" G.W. Bush), and IBM.
These were just three of the wealthy and powerful American corporations
that made a lot of money by quietly doing business with the Nazi Third
Hitler was a staunch capitalist, and the pro-Nazi segment of the American
knew that if Adolf could be controlled he would serve American interests
well. To their dismay, however, they discovered that Hitler was about
as a rabid dog. When he made an alliance with Stalin just prior to WWII,
it looked like the plan had backfired in a big way. Intense American
political-economic pressure was undoubtedly behind Hitler's sudden backstabbing
with the apparently irrational decision to invade Russia in 1941. As
German armies burned and raped and butchered their way east, many a sigh
relief was heard among the corporate rulers of America. The animalistic
atrocities committed by German soldiers against helpless Russian and
Serbian women and
children guaranteed that there would be deep animosity between the German
and Russian peoples for many generations to come. And then the Soviet
in 1991. Russia mutated into a venal capitalist mafia state, and the
Russian people finally had something politically in common with America,
and the rest of Europe. Contrary to the public breast-beating by American
about the "death of socialism" and the "triumph of capitalism," however,
the more intelligent elements of the American plutocracy were actually
not at all happy with this development. Not only had they lost a political
and primary reason for the gargantuan military budget, but they knew
Russia would forge closer economic ties with its European neighbors.
would inevitably lead to the sort of powerful alliance which American
geopolitical strategists have always feared.